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Shampagne chats to Colin Gates - The Charlwood Cage
gatwick gangsters and the charlwood cage

From Charlwood Cage to Belmarsh Prison - how things have changed!   

 Charlwood Cage Location: Rosemary Lane, Charlwood, Surrey United Kingdom 
Year opened: c.1792
Year closed: unknown
Century of Operation 1700-1799, 1800-1899

prisoner of gatwick gangsters going into charlwood cage

 Jail - Gaol

 Probably early C19.
One storey built of local stone rubble with red brick quoins and galletting of small stone chips.
Hipped tiled roof.
Inside were 2 cells each with a barred window to the outside.
Simple doorcase with wooded lintel.
This building has been restored and turned into an office.
The Lock Up, Charlwood', LEN 1277887 'The lock up is a picturesque small stone building with brick quoins which is set near the centre of the village.
There is galletting with small chips round the stones.
There are two cells inside, each with a little barred window.
The roof is hipped and tiled.'

gatwick gangsters and the prisoners of charlwood, surrey

 Inside the world's toughest prisons

 The penal system in nineteenth-century England was incredibly complicated.
It comprised two types of prisons, convict prisons and local prisons.
While convict prisons were under the direct control of the Home Office, local prisons were, until the 1877 Prisons Act,
managed by a whole host of different local authorities, from counties and boroughs to liberties and even cathedrals.
Moreover, included among convict prisons were penitentiaries,
public works prisons and prison hulks (aka floating prisons!).
And among local prisons were gaols, bridewells and lock-ups.

 World's Toughest Prisons

 This complexity has meant that penal historians have confined their work to studies of either convict prisons or local prisons,
and even more typically, to case studies of individual institutions.
There remain big gaps in our knowledge.
Simply put, we don’t even know how many prisons existed in nineteenth-century England.

 Belmarsh Prison

 What is the toughest prison in London?
London's most 'dangerous' prisons and the serial killers, murderers and rapists who are locked up there
HMP Belmarsh.
HMP Wormwood Scrubs.
HMP Pentonville.
HMP Wandsworth.
HMP Feltham.

What sort of prison is Belmarsh?
Belmarsh is a category A prison
Located in south-east London. While best known for its high security function, holding several prisoners on terrorism-related offences,
it also operates as a local prison. When it opened in 1991, Belmarsh became the first adult male prison built in
London since Wormwood Scrubs in 1874.

What is lifelike in Belmarsh prison?
A survey conducted by the watchdog found 31 per cent of inmates across the whole prison felt unsafe at Belmarsh while 58 per cent felt unsafe
at times.
Many of the 125 cells designed for two inmates housed three prisoners, according to the report. Conditions were 'very cramped'.

 Does Belmarsh have phones in cell?
Phone calls Prisoners have phones in their rooms but will always have to call you.
They must buy phone credits to do this. The phones are inactive after 10pm, but available at many times during the day.

Do prisons listen to all phone calls UK?
Prison staff can listen to and record most types of call.
Some calls are not monitored, for example when a prisoner calls a legal adviser.
You can also exchange voice messages with a prisoner using the Prison Voicemail service.

How secure is Belmarsh?
Belmarsh also holds approximately 50 category A prisoners, a number of whom are considered particularly high risk, and a
very small number of whom are considered the highest security prisoners in the country.
Most of the substantial risk prisoners are held within a specialist high security facility.

 What prisoners are in Belmarsh?
Notable inmates:
Michael Adebolajo, man who murdered British soldier Lee Rigby.
Ali Harbi Ali, murdered MP David Amess.
Julian Assange, accused by the United States of espionage.
Paul 'Des' Ballard, television presenter, caused death by dangerous driving, and various other crimes including rape.

How many visits does a prisoner get UK?
A convicted prisoner is usually allowed at least two 1-hour visits every 4 weeks.
A prisoner on remand (waiting for their trial) is allowed three 1-hour visits a week.

How rough are UK prisons?
In 2020, the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture described England's prisons as “violent, unsafe and overcrowded”,
and said the system was in “deep crisis”.
In the five years up to June 2018, the total number of prisoner-on-prisoner assaults more than doubled,
while assaults on staff more than tripled.

Are you allowed to smoke in English prisons?
The UK Supreme Court recently ruled in Black that the Health Act 2006, which prohibits smoking in most enclosed public spaces,
does not bind the Crown and consequently does not apply to public prisons.

How much money can a prisoner have UK?
A cap of £900 is to be imposed on the money that prisons hold for residents.
Prisoners who have a larger balance in their accounts will be expected to transfer it to a bank.

shampagne chats to colin gates about charlwood prison

Please click video to see interview with Colin Gates - Historian of Charlwood, Surrey   

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